6575s, from Late Latin antithesis, from Greek antithesis opposition, resistance, literally a placing against, also a term in logic and rhetoric, noun of action from antitithenai to set against, oppose, a term in logic, from anti- against (see anti- ) + tithenai to place, from PIE root *dhe- to put, to do (see factitious ). Gain access to thousands of additional definitions and advanced search features ad free! JOIN NOWtrue love for another is the antithesis of the desire to control that person's lifeThese example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'antithesis. ' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. . Writers and speechmakers use the traditional pattern known as antithesis for its resounding effect John Kennedy's famous ask not what your country can do for you—ask what you can do for your country is an example. But antithesis normally means simply opposite. Thus, war is the antithesis of peace, wealth is the antithesis of poverty, and love is the antithesis of hate.
Antithesis Definition of antithesis in English by Oxford
Holding two antithetical ideas in one's head at the same time—for example, that you're the sole master of your fate but also the helpless victim of your terrible upbringing—is so common as to be almost normal. What made you want to look up antithesis? Please tell us where you read or heard it (including the quote, if possible). Antithesis is a figure of speech which refers to the juxtaposition of opposing or contrasting ideas. It involves the bringing out of a contrast in the ideas by an obvious contrast in the words, clauses, or sentences, within a parallel grammatical structure. Antithesis is a for the of contrasting ideas in balanced or. Plural: antitheses. Adjective: antithetical. A perfectly formed antithesis, says Jeanne Fahnestock, combines,, and perhaps, in an language, even it is an overdetermined. The aural patterning of the antithesis, its tightness and predictability, are critical to appreciating how the of the figure can be used to force semantic opposites ( Rhetorical Figures in Science, 6999). Antithesis is very similar to, as juxtaposition also sets two different things close to each other to emphasize the difference between them. However, juxtaposition does not necessarily deal with completely opposite ideas—sometimes the juxtaposition may be between two similar things so that the reader will notice the subtle differences. Juxtaposition also does not necessitate a parallel grammatical structure. The definition of antithesis requires this balanced grammatical structure. The use of antithesis is very popular in speeches and common idioms, as the inherent contrasts often make antithesis quite memorable. Here are some examples of antithesis from famous speeches: Antithesis can be a helpful tool for the author both to show a character’s mindset and to set up an. If the antithesis is something that the character is thinking, the audience can better understand the full scope of that character’s thoughts. While antithesis is not the most ubiquitous of literary devices, some authors use antithesis quite extensively, such as William Shakespeare. Many of his sonnets and plays include examples of antithesis. Arguably the most famous six words in all of Shakespeare’s work are an example of antithesis. Hamlet considers the important question of “to be, or not to be. ” In this line, he is considering the very nature of existence itself. Though the line is quite simple in form it contrasts these very important opposite states. Hamlet sets up his with this antithesis and continues with others, including the contrast between suffering whatever fortune has to offer or opposing his troubles. This is a good example of Shakespeare using antithesis to present to the audience or readers Hamlet’s inner life and the range of his thinking. It was the best of times, it was the worst of times, it was the age of wisdom, it was the age of foolishness, it was the epoch of belief, it was the epoch of incredulity, it was the season of Light, it was the season of Darkness, it was the spring of hope, it was the winter of despair, we had everything before us, we had nothing before us, we were all going direct to Heaven, we were all going direct the other way… All content on this website, including dictionary, thesaurus, literature, geography, and other reference data is for informational purposes only. This information should not be considered complete, up to date, and is not intended to be used in place of a visit, consultation, or advice of a legal, medical, or any other professional. “Antithesis” literally means “opposite” – it is usually the opposite of a statement, concept, or idea. In literary analysis, an antithesis is a pair of statements or images in which the one reverses the other.
The pair is written with similar grammatical structures to show more contrast. Antithesis (pronounced an-TITH-eh-sis) is used to emphasize a concept, idea, or conclusion. That’s one small step for a man – one giant leap for mankind. (Neil Armstrong, 6969)In this example, Armstrong is referring to man walking on the moon. Although taking a step is an ordinary activity for most people, taking a step on the moon, in outer space, is a major achievement for all humanity. To err is human to forgive , divine . (Alexander Pope)This example is used to point out that humans possess both worldly and godly qualities they can all make mistakes, but they also have the power to free others from blame. How does Shakespeare's use of antithesis and oxymora create tension in Romeo and Juliet? An antithesis is a rhetorical scheme that refers to opposites in phrases that are very close to each other. There are many excellent examples of antithesis all throughout Romeo and Juliet that Shakespeare uses to create tension by portraying conflicting thoughts or emotion. We especially see antithesis being used to express conflicting, tense emotions when we first meet Romeo in Act 6, Scene 6.
We especially see antithesis being used to express conflicting, tense emotions when we first meet Romeo in Act 6, Scene 6. (I. I. 669-675)eNotes. Com will help you with any book or any question. Our summaries and analyses are written by experts, and your questions are answered by real teachers. Antithesis is a figure of speech that juxtaposes two contrasting or opposing ideas, usually within parallel grammatical structures. For instance, Neil Armstrong used antithesis when he stepped onto the surface of the moon in 6969 and said, That's one small step for a man, one giant leap for mankind. This is an example of antithesis because the two halves of the sentence mirror each other in grammatical structure, while together the two halves emphasize the incredible contrast between the individual experience of taking an ordinary step, and the extraordinary progress that Armstrong's step symbolized for the human race. Often, but not always, antithesis works in tandem with parallelism. In parallelism, two components of a sentence (or pair of sentences) mirror one another by repeating grammatical elements. The following is a good example of both antithesis and parallelism: The two clauses of the sentence are parallel because each starts off with an infinitive verb and ends with an adjective ( human and divine ). The mirroring of these elements then works to emphasize the contrast in their content, particularly in the very strong opposite contrast between human and divine. In most cases, antitheses involve parallel elements of the sentence—whether a pair of nouns, verbs, adjectives, or other grammar elements. However, it is also possible to have antithesis without such clear cut parallelism.
Definition and Examples of Antithesis in Rhetoric
In the Temptations Song My Girl, the singer uses antithesis when he says: Here the sentence is clearly cut into two clauses on either side of the comma, and the contrasting elements are clear enough. However, strictly speaking there isn't true parallelism here because cold outside and month of May are different types of grammatical structures (an adjective phrase and a noun phrase, respectively). The word “irony” comes from the Greek character Eiron, who was an underdog and used his wit to overcome a stronger character. The Greek word eironeía derived from this character and came to mean “dissimulation” or “purposely affected ignorance. ” The word then entered Latin as ironia, and eventually became common as a figure of speech in English in the 66th century. Irony is sometimes confused with events that are just unfortunate coincidences. For example, Alanis Morrissette’s song “Ironic” contains many events that are not ironic in any sense. She cites “rain on your wedding day” and “a traffic jam when you’re already late” as ironic situations, yet these are merely bad luck. Takes place when the speaker says something in sharp contrast to his or her actual meaning. The speaker often makes a statement that seems very direct, yet indicates that the opposite is in fact true, or what the speaker really means. He made that argument after a discussion about how he seemed to embrace Senate Majority Leader Mitch McConnell, R-Ky. , after he has mocked McConnell for his failure to chalk up legislative wins in the Senate. Required fields are marked Required fields are marked * Take Corey MacPherson, for example, and his design for an artisan work/dwelling and commuter rail station for Waltham. He started out with an architect s concern for the flexibility which the spaces within the building would need as their uses changed with each coming artist. But then he presented chaos mathematics as the solution to that problem, on the grounds that chaos theory sees order in what appears to be complete disorder: a situation allegedly comparable to the (physical? ) order a building imposes on the changing, disordered lives of its residents. As he puts it in his accompanying essay, How can we bring order and stability into a disorderly society while still trying to achieve the goals of flexibility? Through chaos. Chaos theory also states that things look different the closer one looks at them: a factor, again, which is also true of a building. But this strikes me, at best, as a distinctly strained parallel between the needs of MacPherson s artisans and mathematical theory. His solution to the problem of adaptable space viz. sliding panels seems to have been inspired by architectural precedent rather than fractal geometry or ruminations regarding self-similarity. Nor did his other major design decisions seem to be informed by chaos theory so much as by the realities of the site such as the river, railway line, and people density. Yet that, I suspect, is why his building is a good one. In the end, his theoretical concerns did not impose any limits on his architectural sense because they did not actually inform his design. Mohammed Abdelaal, with his design for an Islamic Awareness Center for Boston, was the most successful at boiling his theoretical concerns away. He began his research by considering how Islam should inform architecture in a more intimate, organic way than simply serving as a paradigmatic historical style. This initially led him down various abstruse alleys of inquiry but, in the end, he contented himself with a parallel between the fixed and flexible aspect of praying and the fixed and flexible requirements of an architect s design brief. This, together with his conviction that Islam requires a building to be professionally competent, left him free to let his architectural imagination take over completely.
And, hence, he arguably came up with the most successful piece of architecture, with its great semi-circular sweep of a fa ade punctured, punctuated by a rhythm of beam endings. Schwartz s building represents what I take to be a great sin in design (and one which I found myself constantly committing): that of declining to respond honestly and professionally to the needs of one s client and the realities of one s site in favor of building a monument to one s own (for want of a better phrase) intellectual pretensions. Meanwhile, the other buildings I have mentioned seemed to have come about by needlessly tortuous routes, the intellectual inquiry that supposedly inspired them actually turning out to be entirely redundant. Or worse: a burden that the students had to surreptitiously dismantle, like an existing structure on their site, before they could set their architectural imaginations to work. But he should be careful not to overstate the case. Surely one salient reason that tall skyscrapers were attacked is that they were full of people (thereby maximizing the body count) another is that they were accessible to hijacked aircraft. Moreover, surely the distinctive architecture of skyscrapers has only come to symbolize American values (which, remember, the terrorists interpreted as an unholy obsession with money) by virtue of growing up, as it were, in America. There seems nothing intrinsically democratic about steel and glass: the modern aesthetic, of which modern skyscrapers are the very embodiment. If skyscrapers had been developed in the Soviet Union, would they not have come to symbolize the state towering over the individual? Don't let the stress of school get you down! Have your essay written by a professional writer before the deadline arrives. The problem is the MCAT is asking you to deliver writing, not the 'say what you're gonna say say it say what you said' of five paragraph themes. In critical writing, the ideas develop organically, but the five paragraph theme discourages strong connections between the ideas in the essay. Almost invariably, what students learn to write is some version of We can see [thesis] through Example A, Example B, Example C, with the paragraphs about A, B, and C connected to each other with a string of Also s or Moreover s. In theory, you could use the five-paragraph template to come up with a critical essay whose body paragraphs go like this: Let's take Point A as a premise (and here's why A is a reasonable starting point). Now, if we examine the assumptions behind A, we can see that B follows from it. However, we may not realize that we should also consider C (but here's why we should). That would be critical writing because the ideas are developing. Thesis, anthithesis, and synthesis represents a compact way of expressing the process of critical thinking. Let's see how this patented system works with a different MCAT essay. Let's do our five minute process with a different prompt, and then discuss how to unify the essay. Okay, here we go.
Please don't think you need to write in a high style to score a superior MCAT essay score. Mostly you want clear sentences and correct grammar. Write in the way that is natural for you, in your own voice. Many people would be much better writers if they wrote nearly as well as they speak. I wrote the notes above in the way that is natural for me, but I can't help that. It has been a struggle for me to write comprehensibly ever since my formal humanities education.
Despite my limitations, however, I was able to score an 'S' on my own MCAT essay years ago, and that ain't bad! Antithesis, literal meaning opposite, is a rhetorical device in which two opposite ideas are put together in a sentence to achieve a contrasting effect. Antithesis emphasizes the idea of by parallel structures of the contrasted phrases or clauses, i.