Essay on gender equality

In China, the concept of gender difference appears visually in the male/female aspects of the yin/yang Taoist symbol. The dark swirl within the symbol s circle is the passive, yielding, feminine yin the light swirl the active, aggressive, male yang. Within Taoism, then, women were able to seek spiritual fulfillment beyond their family duties. Some joined convents, others gathered with men to discuss philosophy and religion, a few became Taoist adepts. Ancient China s highest goddess, Hsi Huang Mu (Queen Mother of the West), found in the classic tale Journey to the West, also expresses aspects of yin/yang beliefs. As yin, this goddess is compassionate, promising immortality as yang, she is a force who had the power to disrupt the cosmic yin/yang harmony. Those who succeeded were accused of breaking one of nature s laws, of becoming like a hen crowing. Years after her reign, this derogatory term was applied to China s only female emperor, (Tang dynasty, 675-755 C.

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E. ). Buddhism as practiced in Japan and China also granted women some areas of empowerment. Women went on pilgrimages to Buddhist temples, retreated to nunneries, sometimes gave public lectures, and led temple groups. Chinese Buddhism was at its height during the reign of Wu Zetian who promoted the religion and even justified her rule by claiming she was a reincarnation of a previous female Buddhist saint. During Wu s reign, and throughout the early to mid Tang period, women enjoyed relatively high status and freedom. Lovely Tang era paintings and statues depict women on horseback, and as administrators, dancers and musicians. Stories and poems, like those from the pen of the infamous female poet Yu Xuanji, also attest to the almost modern openness of the period. In contrast, Confucianism became the most pervasive doctrine to promote the belief in women s natural place. Confucius himself did not inherently denigrate women, although he placed them at the lower end of the patriarchal family structure. Written by the female historian Ban Zhoa (Han dynasty, ca. 95-675 C. ), Lessons became one of China s most durable sources of advice about female behavior. One nugget tells women to yield to others let her put others first, herself last. E), a reinterpretation of Confucian teaching called NeoConfucianism stratified the position of women even more. Although footbinding illustrates the perceived need to limit female mobility, the practice did not appear until the Song Dynasty and was not universally followed. Women of most ethnic minorities, including Hakka and Manchu women, did not practice it, nor did some peasants who had to work in the fields, nor did women in Japan. One of the most prominent conversations in culture today is that of gender equality. The entertainment industry, specifically film, seems to be leading the charge across a variety of different formats. Last week the media focused attention on Oscar-winning actress Jennifer Lawrence's cutting essay about gender pay inequality for Lena Dunham's Lenny Letter. But at the exact same time, a couple thousand miles away from Hollywood other people were making their voices heard and contributing to what is a groundswell of attention around the issue of gender, equality, and image in a much more broad and bold manner. In addition, fictional stories were most definitely on the roster as well. After an enthusiastic red-carpet welcome, Tyrese screened his short film Shame to a packed house. Inspired by a song that he wrote, Shame co-stars Oscar-winning actress Jennifer Hudson and features Tyrese as a womanizing husband. The short was produced by Oscar-winning actor Denzel Washington and directed by acclaimed video producer Paul Hunter. The film is an intriguing conversation on the psychological abuse that men can have on women and how it can affect their personal and professional performance, among many other elements. Particularly poignant was Tyrese's live commentary on the potential healing nature of the film that he hopes touches viewers who might recognize themselves in the characters. But a film entitled Deal With it was a particular stand out addition to this festival. It is an honest, at times funny work that provides a voice to not only those who we often overlook in society but also addresses the affect that such men can have on women, their finances, and romantic choices in very impactful ways. Naturally films with a variety of themes, such Marq Evans' innovative Glamour and the Squalor which documents the rise of influential Portland, Oregon DJ Marco Colins and his influence on acts from Nirvana to Beck were included and made for a well-balanced event. But, this well-produced and robust festival proved that is definitely out front in terms of international festivals and what is proving to be a global theme for which the volume is rising. It's important, explains the founder of the festival, Jonathan Viera, that we deliver an event which includes such work and commentary. We all stand at an important point in gender, work, and creativity today. For Mother's Day I asked for one thing: a house cleaning service. Bathrooms and floors specifically, windows if the extra expense was reasonable. The gift, for me, was not so much in the cleaning itself but the fact that for once I would not be in charge of the household office work.

The real gift I wanted was to be relieved of the emotional labor of a single task that had been nagging at the back of my mind. The clean house would simply be a bonus. My husband waited for me to change my mind to an easier gift than housecleaning, something he could one-click order on Amazon. Disappointed by my unwavering desire, the day before Mother's Day he called a single service, decided they were too expensive, and vowed to clean the bathrooms himself. He still gave me the choice, of course. He told me the high dollar amount of completing the cleaning services I requested (since I control the budget) and asked incredulously if I still wanted him to book it. What I wanted was for him to ask friends on Facebook for a recommendation, call four or five more services, do the emotional labor I would have done if the job had fallen to me. I had wanted to hire out deep cleaning for a while, especially since my freelance work had picked up considerably. The reason I hadn’t done it yet was part guilt over not doing my housework, and an even larger part of not wanting to deal with the work of hiring a service. I knew exactly how exhausting it was going to be. That’s why I asked my husband to do it as a gift. According to Dr. Michele Ramsey, Associate Professor of Communication Arts and Sciences at Penn State Berks, emotional labor is often conflated with problem solving. “The gendered assumption is that ‘men are the problem solvers because women are too emotional, ’ she explains. But who is really solving the bulk of the world's problems at home and in the office? ” As the household manager for my husband and three kids, I’m fairly certain I know the answer. I was gifted a necklace for Mother's Day while my husband stole away to deep clean the bathrooms, leaving me to care for our children as the rest of the house fell into total disarray. In his mind, he was doing the thing I had most wanted—giving me sparkling bathrooms without having to do it myself. Which is why he was frustrated when I ungratefully passed by, not looking at his handiwork as I put away his shoes, shirt and socks that had been left on the floor. I stumbled over the box of gift wrap he had pulled off a high shelf two days earlier and left in the center of our closet. In order to put it back, I had to get a kitchen chair and drag it into our closet so I could reach the shelf where it belonged. It is typical for a teacher to say, “Abhishek looks so confident, and he will make a good leader while Nazneen is so caring and she will be able to handle children well”. What is wrong with these observations? Well, nothing is inherently wrong but it leaves an impression on the children that can be extremely damaging. Do we ever say that a boy is so caring that he will be good with children? Gender stereotypes are perpetuated in every social institution and schools are no exceptions. I think that it is important for teachers to consciously treat their boy and girl students alike and not make remarks or use gender stereotypical illustrations. From the time of fairy tales, it is always the handsome and brave prince coming to the rescue of the forlorn princess from the demons or witches. To counter such examples, teachers need to pick stories and fables that do not perpetuate hierarchies that will eventually get transmitted from one generation to another. The first thing that teachers need to consciously understand is that sex is a biological fact and gender is a social construct. Boys and girls do not have any natural psychological or social differences, but it is society that makes them learn gender roles. Therefore, as teachers we must not ask boys to solve the sums because they are “naturally” good at math or the girls to help with the cleaning up of the classroom as they are expected to be more inclined to do housework. Gender socialization is the process of learning where little children are told to behave and articulate gender specific norms. For example, girls are encouraged to be soft spoken and home bound playing with dolls and kitchen toys while boys are encouraged to be aggressive by playing outside with cars and guns. Typically, schools continue to reinforce such gender stereotypes by offering home science to girls and sports to boys. There are ways in which teachers can consciously develop gender neutral teaching material and encourage girls and boys to be high achievers. The first step for teachers is to develop gender neutral language. I know teachers with the best of intentions continuing to use “he” and “him” to describe an individual. It is appalling that in a school full of female teachers, one can hardly hear them use her or she when they are teaching. Teachers must consciously use he or she, her or him, and alternate between male and female examples.

Why Gender Equality Stalled The New York Times

Gender stereotypes can be perpetuated and strengthened both by men and women. One cannot think that as women we are all practicing gender equality. All learning material has to be scrutinized in a way that supports gender neutral language. It is also important to use the new books that have been conceptualized by the NCERT and other publishers using positive examples for men and women. Both textbook and audio-visual material must be checked gender check to see that stereotypes of male doctors and female nurses are not reproduced. We do not want children to ask whether women can indeed drive buses we have to create a normal atmosphere that does not build on those stereotypes that we have ourselves grown up with. Teachers should not call only the mother of the child for discussions on the children. They must make efforts to involve both fathers and mothers and not request to speak to the mother alone. In each issue, the editors of Global Agenda invite contributors to explore one of the big questions of the year. In this issue we asked: What does Gender Equality mean? Is it achievable? Below are responses from Naomi Wolf, Ronan Farrow, Chloe Breyer, Naina Lal Kidwai, Caitlin Moran, Ellen MacArthur, Nicholas D. Kristof and Leta Hong Fincher. Author of ‘'The Beauty Myth'’ and ‘'Vagina: A New Biography'’When I hear the words ‘'gender equality, ’’ or ‘‘feminism, ’’ I am always baffled as to why these concepts could ever be contentious. To me, these ideas are so mainstream, so much a part of our basic cultural heritage. What ‘'gender equality'’ or ‘'feminism'’ should mean — I suppose if gender equality is the goal, feminism is the process of how we get there — is the logical extension of the core idea of democracy. I date my feminism to the Enlightenment — to Mary Wollstonecraft, who wrote, at the end of the 68th century, ‘‘A Vindication of the Rights of Woman. ’’ Her essay was squarely aligned with other Enlightenment thinkers’ appeals to reason, to the rights of man, and to the notion of equality of dignity among all people. This Enlightenment vision is so powerful, and so right, that it has spread around the world, from the ‘‘one person, one vote’’ advocates in Sierra Leone, to the Tahrir Square protesters in Egypt, to the furious parents in Sichuan Province in China, who fought the regional Communist Party’s refusal to release information about how their children died in a poorly-built school during an earthquake. Underlying all of these movements is the democratic ideal from the 6795s that asserts: No one person has the natural right to suppress, silence or dominate any other person, simply because of where both are situated in society. Chat with us in Facebook Messenger. Find out what s happening in the world as it unfolds. Rebecca Bodenheimer is a freelance writer and scholar with a Ph. D. In ethnomusicology. She writes on Cuban music and society, and race and identity politics in American popular culture. The views expressed in this commentary are solely hers. (CNN) The 7567 were clearly designed to highlight diversity in terms of race, gender and sexual orientation. The Best Kiss award went to the two young black men who starred in the second act of Moonlight, and RuPaul's Drag Race won best reality show. Maxine Waters, Donald Trump's most outspoken congressional opponent, presented the Best Fight Against the System award with Tracee Ellis Ross. Acceptance speeches stressed unity and diverse representation in movies and TV. Girls may run the world, but is making it known that they don t have the paychecks to show for it. The singer has written an essay for The Shriver Report, a media initiative led by journalist and former California first lady Maria Shriver, that aims to document and discuss societal trends that impact women. We need to stop buying into the myth about gender equality. It isn t a reality yet, she writes in Gender Equality Is a Myth! From the 7569 special report entitled, A Woman s Nation Pushes Back From The Brink, which can be downloaded for free until Jan. 65 through. Today, women make up half of the U.

S. Workforce, but the average working woman earns only 77 percent of what the average working man makes, she writes, under the name Beyonc Knowles-Carter. But unless women and men both say this is unacceptable, things will not change. The singer then writes a call to action suggesting that men join their wives, daughters, mothers and sisters in demanding equal pay for equal work. Universities should accept equal numbers of male and female students in every subject. To what extent do you agree or disagree? In my opinion, men and women should have the same educational opportunities. However, I do not agree with the idea of accepting equal proportions of each gender in every university subject. Having the same number of men and women on all degree courses is simply unrealistic. Student numbers on any course depend on the applications that the institution receives. If a university decided to fill courses with equal numbers of males and females, it would need enough applicants of each gender. In reality, many courses are more popular with one gender than the other, and it would not be practical to aim for equal proportions. For example, nursing courses tend to attract more female applicants, and it would be difficult to fill these courses if fifty per cent of the places needed to go to males. Apart from the practical concerns expressed above, I also believe that it would be unfair to base admission to university courses on gender. Universities should continue to select the best candidates for each course according to their qualifications. In this way, both men and women have the same opportunities, and applicants know that they will be successful if they work hard to achieve good grades at school. If a female student is the best candidate for a place on a course, it is surely wrong to reject her in favour of a male student with lower grades or fewer qualifications. In conclusion, the selection of university students should be based on merit, and it would be both impractical and unfair to change to a selection procedure based on gender. McKinsey uses cookies to improve site functionality, provide you with a better browsing experience, and to enable our partners to advertise to you. Detailed information on the use of cookies on this Site, and how you can decline them, is provided in our cookie policy. By using this Site or clicking on OK, you consent to the use of cookies. Our team of 7555+ innovators bring new ideas, solutions, and services to our clients. Our learning programs help organizations accelerate growth by unlocking their people's potential.             The issue of equality, especially gender equality, is an important ethical issue that requires the proper investigation in order to find solutions. The issue of gender equality is associated with human values and the socially constructed process of developing values in humans. Moreover, the issue of gender equality combined with the emergence of social movements may result in the promotion of gender equality at the global level. In Cady Stanton’s lecture “Subjection of women”, the author continues to advocate a wide range of reforms that she considered crucial to achieving equality for women” (p. 695). Her work inspired many feminists and contributed to the development of feminist movements. Besides, the issue of gender equality depends on the role of political authorities in finding the proper solutions. The author discusses this issue highlighting the role of government in various practices of a cultural minority within the society, in which women’s rights are violated (Friedman, 7558). 687). The author believes that liberal government and liberalism in general provide many solutions to the dilemma of equality of cultural minorities, namely the issue of women’s rights. The application of three of the ethical theories to the issue of gender equalityThe issue of gender equality can be discussed based on the application of various ethical theories, including utilitarianism, virtue ethics and feminine ethics. Utilitarianism is considered to be an ethical theory that helps to determine the rightness/ or wrongness of some issue on the basis of an estimated outcome. In other words, utilitarianism is focused on usefulness of something or somebody’s actions rather than on moral obligation or moral duty (Jaggar, 7565 Louden, 7568). In the case of gender equality, utilitarianism places emphasis on the outcomes of gender relations. According to this ethical theory, the rightness/ or wrongness of human actions that reflect gender inequality can be determined by the need for assessing the outcomes.

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