Feudalism in Japan and Europe ThoughtCo

Also, the feudal period of Japanese history was more persistent, partially due to Japan's self-imposed relative isolation from the outside world. In Japan, moral beliefs centered around filial piety and the idea of duty. The daimyo and samurai had a moral obligation to protect the peasants living on their land, while the peasants had a moral obligation to respect and pay food taxes to the nobility in return. Neither party, culturally speaking, could sway from this arrangement. The samurai of Japan did not independently own land. Instead, the daimyo allotted them a portion to live on and paid an income based in rice. The Japanese feudal system was also more resistant to change. After the unification of Japan in the early 6655s, the country expelled all foreigners in 6689, and it closed off the land, aside from a Dutch trading post in Nagasaki and a few other ports.

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Japan vs Europe Feudalism by Connor Grummer on Prezi

This nearly eliminated foreign influence and most importantly firearms, which were a force equalizer that helped eliminate the knights' hold over Europe. Oops. A firewall is blocking access to Prezi content. Check out to learn more or contact your system administrator.

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If it doesn't, restart the download. Sorry for the inconvenience. If the problem persists you can find support at This centered around three concepts of lords, vassals and fiefs. Although feudalism is largely considered a European invention, a type of feudalism was invented by the Japanese, at about the same period that European feudalism was at its peak, which was completely independent of the European system. Use your prior Knowledge to complate the hierarchy of Feudal Japan and Feudal Europe Japanese and European feudalism shared a number of similarities. In both lands, individual landowners gained power. This happened because strong central governments did not exist in either region. In Europe, strong landowners were called lords.

In Japan, they were called daimyo. Both lords and daimyo had many peasants working for them. Farming was the main economic activity on both European and Japanese estates. Both Japan and Europe relied on professionally trained soldiers for protection. In Europe, these soldiers were known as knights. They were known as samurai in Japan. Both Japanese and European societies placed a high value on military skills and loyalty. In Europe, knights had to follow a code of behavior known as chivalry. According to this code, knights were expected to be brave, loyal, and show kindness to the weak. The samurai code of behavior was known as bushido. This code promoted similar values to chivalry: courage, kindness, and loyalty to the daimyo, or lord. Cultural Differences- How were the societies different? There is a huge interest in finding the difference between feudal Japan and feudal Europe because of the appearing similarity between both.

Feudalism Europe vs Japan by Mya Dumpson on Prezi

Feudalism   is believed to have originated in Medieval Europe and is believed to be a direct result of the weakening of the Roman Empire. However, a similar political and social system developed a little later in Japan though there was no direct contact between Europe and Japan. Despite a social hierarchy and a pyramid-like structure, the feudalism in Europe had many differences with the one in Japan. These differences will be highlighted in this article. Feudalism in Japan arose in the 67th century and continued till 69th century. This feudalism had nothing to do with the rise of feudalism in Europe that originated much earlier in 9th century. Like Europe, there was a vertical division of society with an established hierarchy. The emperor was at the top of the hierarchy though it was Shogun who held the real power. Just as in Europe, Shogun distributed land at his disposal to vassals that were referred to as daimyo. Daimyos gave away rights of lands to, who were Japanese warriors and got the land cultivated with the help of peasants or serfs. Although similar to Europe, Japanese feudal system did not pay samurais with land, but instead paid them a ratio of the earnings from taxing the peasants usually the Daimyo taxed peasants and owned land. As stratified hierarchies, both had a lowest class who were serfs in Europe and peasants in Japan. In both regions, serfs and peasants were heavily taxed and toiled. One reason for the similarity in stratification was that both Japan and Europe were decentralized.

Although Japan and Europe had similarities in their warriors, weaponry, and socio political stratification, the treatment of women varied in each region. Women in Japan were treated more equally they were able to join the samurai army and were expected to act like a samurai and be strong like men, even if it meant dying after losing a battle. Unlike the costume of Japan, Europeans saw women as fragile, and delicate who were to be protected by chivalrous men. Although and Europe did not have any direct contact with one another during the medieval and early modern periods, they independently developed very similar class systems, known as feudalism. Feudalism was more than gallant knights and heroic samurai, it was a way of life of extreme inequality, poverty, and violence. A subject peasantry widespread use of the service tenement (i. E. The fief) instead of a salary. . supremacy of a class of specialized warriors ties of obedience and protection which bind man to man. [and] fragmentation of authority - leading inevitably to disorder.

In other words, peasants or serfs are tied to the land and work for protection plus a portion of the harvest, rather than for money. Warriors dominate the society and are bound by codes of obedience and ethics.

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