This that these and those LearnEnglish British Council

Choose this, that, these or those from the dropdown menu. Generally speaking, we use this / these to refer to people and things, situations and experiences that are close to the speaker or very close in time. We use that / those to refer to people and things, situations and experiences that are more distant, either in time or physically. Have you ever tried to play a record by drifting a sportcar around on it? We have. To keep hope alive for missing children we brought their missing posters to life. We made the very first automated child pornography filter for Google Chrome. During this campaign we offered the target group a funny tool to interact with their neighbours.

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This that these those English Grammar Today

These examples are from external sources. Click on the icon to tell us what you think. Add the power of Cambridge Dictionary to your website using our free search box widgets. Browse our dictionary apps today and ensure you are never again lost for words. This and these are used in different ways when you are referring to people, things, situations, events, or periods of time. They can both be determiners or pronouns. These is the plural form of. You can use or these to refer to people, things, or events that have just been mentioned. Don't use 'this' as a pronoun to refer to a person who has just been mentioned. Instead you use he or she. In conversation, many people use and these as determiners even when they are mentioning people or things for the first time. You can use or these to refer to people or things that are very near to you. For example, if you are holding a book, you refer to it as ' book'. Do you want to practise using 'this', 'that', 'these' and 'those' in English?

Play our grammar games and have fun while you learn. This is my friend Liz.
That is my friend Daniel playing in the garden.

These are my friends Liz and Sarah.
Those are my friends Daniel and Nick playing in the garden.
You need to add 'is' after this or that in the present.
This is my friend Liz.
That is my friend Daniel playing in the garden.
For more than one person you use 'are' in the present.
These are my friends Liz and Sarah.
Those are my friends Daniel and Nick playing in the garden.
This That These  and  Those  are known as demonstrative determiners, or.  They are often used with the location words here and there  or prepositional phrases such as  on the corner.

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Demonstrative determiners means that we are demonstrating to someone that one or more objects are here or there. In other words, we use demonstrative determiners to show something to someone. Notice how the use of  this,   that,   these  and  those  changes depending on the location of the speakers in the following dialogs. Location can be a relative term. If I am standing in a room  over there  may mean that something is on the other side of the room as in this example: David:  Could you give me that book on the table over there?
Frank :  Do you mean this book here?
David:   Yes, that book.
Frank:   Here you are. Oh, could you give me those magazines on the table over there?
David:  These? Sure, here you are. In this dialog, David asks Frank for a book which is next to him. Notice that David uses  over there  to refer to something on the table on the other side of the room. This, that, these and those are demonstratives.

We use this, that, these and those to point to people and things. This and that are singular. These and those are plural. We use them as determiners and pronouns. We use this and that with singular and uncountable nouns: Try to repeat this exercise every morning and evening. ( this + singular countable noun) What does this music make you think of? ( this + singular uncountable noun) I’ve never been to that part of France. ( that + singular countable noun) This, That, These, Those are called demonstratives and they are used to show the relative distance between the speaker and the noun. Note that the verb changes (i. E. Singular / plural) depending on the pronoun that you use. You can also use demonstratives before a noun. These are called demonstrative adjectives.

The Demonstrative Adjective needs to agree (= be the same form) as the noun. Demonstrative Adjectives and Demonstrative Pronouns use the same words. The easiest way to know that difference is that Demonstrative Adjectives are always before a noun while Demonstrative Pronouns are before a verb or by themselves.

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